The fiddle-leaf fig, known as the banjo fig, belongs to the Moraceae family. It is a broadleaf evergreen plant native to tropical western Africa. The fiddle-leaf fig( Ficus lyrata) is an indoor plant. It is characterized by large, glossy, violin-shaped leaves with prominent veins. It grows upright on a slender trunk. It grows well in a floor-standing container, reaching heights of at least 6 feet. Its rapid growth allows for year-round potting, making it a favorite among indoor gardeners. Keep in mind that this stunning plant is toxic to cats and dogs.

Fiddle-Leaf Fig Care Tips

Fiddle leaf figs are native to tropical regions of Africa, they grow well in warm, humid conditions. It poses a challenge for home growers to replicate such a climate. They are resilient plants capable of enduring less-than-ideal environments for extended periods. Achieving optimal growing conditions is the key. They are relatively low-maintenance. Rotating the plant ensures even growth by preventing it from leaning toward a light source. A weekly or bi-weekly dusting of the leaves with a damp cloth enhances their appearance and aids in photosynthesis by allowing more sunlight to penetrate. Removing damaged or dead leaves promotes overall plant health while pruning the top of the main stem encourages a bushier growth pattern. 


Fiddle-leaf figs thrive in bright, filtered light, but direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, especially in the hot afternoon sun. Keeping them in low-light conditions will hinder rapid growth. 


Any high-quality indoor plant potting mix works well for fiddle-leaf figs. It drains effectively to prevent waterlogging. 


Maintain moderate soil moisture levels for optimal growth. Underwatering causes wilting and the loss of green color in the leaves. Overwatering leads to leaf drop and root rot. During the growing season, water when the top inch of soil feels dry, reducing frequently slightly in winter. 

Soil Salinity

To prevent salt build-up, flush the soil with water until it drains out of the bottom of the pot at least once a month.

Temperature and Humidity

Keep the temperature stable between 60-85 F (15-29 C), avoiding drafts and extreme temperature fluctuations. Aim for a humidity level of 30-65%. Increase humidity with daily misting or by placing the plant on a tray of pebbles filled with water. Make sure the pot’s bottom doesn't touch the water. A humidifier can also be beneficial. 


During the growing season, fertilize with a high-nitrogen plant food specially formulated for fiddle-leaf figs. Avoid fertilizing during the winter months. 


Regular pruning promotes plant health by removing damaged leaves, overgrowth, or crossing branches. Make cuts about an inch away from the trunk to prevent damage. For dead leaves, gently pull before cutting, as they may detach easily. 

How to repot a fiddle leaf fig

Repotting a fiddle leaf fig is a straightforward process that can help promote its growth and overall health. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to repot your fiddle leaf fig:

1. Choose the Right time

The best time to repot your fiddle leaf fig is in the spring or early summer when it’s actively growing. This allows the plant to recover quickly from the transplant shock. 

2. Select a Suitable Pot

Select a replacement pot that has a diameter of 2-4 inches bigger than the old one. To avoid waterlogging, make sure the pot has drainage holes at the bottom.

3. Prepare the Potting Mix

 Use a well-draining potting mix suitable for indoor plants. For better drainage, you can also add perlite or orchid bark. 

4. Remove the Plant from the Pot

Gently tip the pot on its side and slide the plant out, supporting the base of the trunk with your hand. If the plant is stuck, tap the sides of the pot or gently loosen the soil with a trowel.

5. Inspect the roots

Check the roots for signs of overcrowding, rot, or damage. If necessary, trim any dead or rotting roots with sterilized pruning shears. 

6. Add Fresh soil

Place a layer of fresh potting mix at the bottom of the new pot. Position the plant in the center and fill the remaining space with soil, ensuring the roots are covered but not buried too deeply. 

7. Water thoroughly

After repotting, water the fiddle leaf fig thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of the pot. It helps settle the soil and hydrate the roots. 

8. Allow for adjustment

Place the repotted plant in a location with bright, indirect light and avoid fertilizing for the first 4-6 weeks to allow the plant to adjust to its new environment.

Common Issues

Fiddle leaf figs can encounter a few common issues. Overwatering is a primary concern, leading to root rot and other fungal diseases. Ensure proper drainage and allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent this. Leaf browning or yellowing may indicate underwatering or exposure to cold drafts. Adjust the watering frequency and protect the plant from drafts to address these issues. Pests such as spider mites and mealybugs can also infest fiddle leaf figs, so regularly inspect the plant and treat any infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Symptoms may include leaf damage as spots or dark patches, along with small bugs on the leaves. Immediate treatment with suitable fungicides, pesticides, or other remedies is essential when these issues arise. Ensure adequate air circulation and avoid overly damp conditions, which can help prevent future problems.


Fiddle leaf figs are more than just houseplants, they’re statement pieces that add beauty and elegance to any indoor space. You can enjoy their lush foliage and tropical charm for years to come. With the tips and information in this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to care for your fiddle-leaf fig and watch it grow into a stunning centerpiece in your hom